Wednesday, June 12, 2013

GMAT SC 7 : Context Appropriateness

Buckingham Palace reports that Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl, thus giving Queen Elizabeth II her second great-grandchild.
  1. Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl, thus giving Queen Elizabeth II her second great-grandchild
  2. Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl giving Queen Elizabeth II her second great-grandchild
  3. Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl, making her Queen Elizabeth II’s second great-grandchild
  4. Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl, thus making Queen Elizabeth II a great-grandmother twice over
  5. Peter Phillips and his wife, Autumn, have had a baby girl who is Queen Elizabeth II’s  second great-grandchild
Correct Answer : Choice A

Explanatory Answer
  1. Correct.  The event of the birth of the child has given the Queen her second great-grandchild.
  2. The baby girl has not given the Queen her second great-grandchild.
  3. The pronoun  her is ambiguous, it can refer to both Autumn and to the baby girl.
  4. Convoluted sentence construction.
  5. The inference is that Peter Phillips and Autumn have had a baby girl who is the second great-grandchild which distorts original intent.


Tuesday, January 22, 2013

GMAT SC 6 : Comparison Contrast Error - Parallelism

Question

Unlike Ancient Greek art which saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature, poise, beauty and anatomically correct proportions, Ancient Roman art depicted gods as idealized humans, shown with characteristic distinguishing features.
  1. Unlike Ancient Greek art which saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature
  2. Ancient Greek art saw the veneration of the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature
  3. While Ancient Greek art saw the veneration of the animal form and developed  equivalent skills to show musculature
  4. While Ancient Greek art venerated the animal form and developed equivalent skills to show musculature
  5. Unlike Ancient Greek art which venerated the animal form and the development of equivalent skills to show musculature

Correct Answer : Choice D

Explanatory Answer
  1. The two art forms are not complete contrasts. Hence use of unlike is incorrect. This is a mere difference, hence while should be used. Also the correct part of the sentence uses Ancient Roman art depicted…so the first part should also be parallely constructed.
  2. The sentence is cumbersome because of the repetitive use of the comma. Also lacks parallel construction
  3. While… takes care of the difference highlighted in the sentence. The original sentence talks of both veneration…and development…as predicates of the verb saw; here developed is constructed in parallel with saw – thus changing the intent of the sentence. 
  4. Correct. Use of while is required.  Venerated… and developed… are parallely constructed and conform to depicted…
  5. Use of unlike… is incorrect. Greek Art did not venerate the development of…

Thursday, November 22, 2012

GMAT SC5 - Modifier error; Logical Predication

Fought on 22 August 1485, the Lancastrians won The Battle of Bosworth Field, the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century.

  1. Fought on 22 August 1485, the Lancastrians won The Battle of Bosworth Field, the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century
  2. Fought on 22 August 1485, The Battle of Bosworth Field- the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century- was won by the Lancastrians 
  3. Fought on 22 August 1485, the Lancastrians won The Battle of Bosworth Field- the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses- the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century
  4. The Lancastrians won The Battle of Bosworth Field, fought on 22 August 1485, the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses, the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century
  5. The Lancastrians won The Battle of Bosworth Field fought on 22 August 1485; it was the last significant battle of the Wars of the Roses- the civil war between the House of Lancaster and the House of York that raged across England in the latter half of the 15th century

Correct Answer - Choice E.

Explanatory Answer


A.    Fought on…is a modifier that refers to The Battle…and not the Lancastrians.

B.     The Battle of….was won by the Lancastrians is an awkward fragment.  The modifier error has been corrected but the sentence is convoluted and in Passive voice.

C.     Modifier error- fought on…the Lancastrians.

D.    Active voice construction, but the predication is still convoluted.

E.     Correct. Modifier error corrected. Sentence is in Active voice. The run on sentence simplifies the predication. The hyphenated part highlights the description of the Wars of the Roses.


Wednesday, October 10, 2012

GMAT SC4 - Subject Verb Agreement - Tense - Vocabulary

Question

Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher.
  1. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher
  2. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates have nudged financial markets to higher levels
  3. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets to higher levels
  4. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets to higher levels
  5. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets higher
 
Correct Answer : Choice B
 
Explanation
  1. The subject for the verb nudged is Hopes. The correct verb is have nudgedto higher X is required because financial markets are measured in index levels.
  2. Correcthave nudged…is the correct verb for Hopes. to higher levels is required.
  3. has nudged is incorrect.
  4. Original sentence has the present perfect auxilliary has…It is required in the sentence.
  5. Original sentence has the present perfect auxilliary has…It is required in the sentence. to higher X is required because financial markets are measured in index levels.
 

GMAT SC 3 - Pronoun Ambiguity - Reference; Comparison Error

Question

Thieves steal Hondas and Toyotas from the 1990s more than other models because they can chop them up and sell them for parts that are worth more than the car.
  1. more than other models because they can chop them up and sell them for parts that are worth more than the car
  2. more than they steal other models because they can chop them up and sell them for parts that are worth more than the car
  3. more than they do other models because they can dismantle the cars and sell the parts that are worth more than the car
  4. more than other models because they can chop the cars up and sell them for parts that are worth more than the car
  5. more than other models because they can dismantle them up and sell them for parts that are worth more than the car
Correct Answer : Choice C
 
Explanation
  1. Comparison error. Requires more than they steal… to complete the comparison. Also the pronoun them is ambiguous. It can refer to Hondas, Toyotas, or other models.
  2. Takes care of comparison error, but the pronoun error still stands.
  3. Correct. Dummy verb do takes care of comparison error. Pronoun error stands corrected. Also, the phrase dismantle the cars is better than chop the cars
  4. While pronoun ambiguity is corrected, comparison is incomplete.
  5. Comparison is incomplete. Pronoun them is ambiguous. Dismantle up is incorrect.

Sentence Correction - 2 - Modifiers - Tense use

Question

1. Reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales, the earnings guidance for the year was withdrawn by Best Buy Co. 
  1. Reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales, the earnings guidance for the year was withdrawn by Best Buy Co. 
  2. Best Buy Co. is reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales; the company also withdrew its earnings guidance for the year.
  3. Reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales, Best Buy Co. withdrew the earnings guidance for the year. 
  4. Best Buy Co. has reported a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales; the company has also withdrawn its earnings guidance for the year.
  5. Best Buy Co. is reporting a 90 percent drop in net income during the second quarter, dragged down by restructuring charges and weak sales; the company has also withdrawn its earnings guidance for the year.

Correct Answer: Choice D

Explanation
  1. Reporting…and dragged down… are modifiers that correspond to Best Buy Co. and not earnings guidance.
  2. is reporting…would imply that the action is currently in progress. Different Tense (simple past) in the run-on sentence.
  3. Two separate causes and hence there should be an and between 90 percent drop… and dragged down.
  4. Correct. No modifier error. Has reported…indicates a concluded event in the recent past. The run-on sentence construction adds clarity. Tense uniformity in the run-on sentence.
  5. is reporting…would imply that the action is currently in progress. Different Tense (present perfect) in the run-on sentence.

Monday, April 25, 2011

GMAT SC 1

In the U.S., German luxury brands have succeeded in getting people who might have once thought the cars were out of their league in buying and leasing some snazzy rides.
  1. have succeeded in getting people who might have once thought the cars were out of their league in buying and leasing some snazzy rides

  2. have succeeded in getting people who might have once thought the cars were out of their league to buy and lease some snazzy rides

  3. have succeeded in getting people who once might have thought the cars were out of their league to buy and lease some snazzy rides

  4. has succeeded in getting people who might have once thought the cars were out of their league to buy and lease some snazzy rides

  5. has succeeded in getting people who might have once thought the cars were out of their league in buying and leasing some snazzy rides



Answer and Explanation

A. It is idiomatic to say in getting x... to do y. in getting people... in buying is not idiomatic. Choice (A) is therefore, incorrect.

B. CORRECT. The correct idiom is used.

C. Once is misplaced: it is not placed before the verb it is modifying. Once thought is the correct construction.

D. German luxury brands is plural. Therefore, the use of has creates a Noun-Verb disagreement and is incorrect.

E. has creates a noun-verb disagreement. Moreover, in getting x... to do y is idiomatic.